We might also reasonably expect various books to have been written by the authors to whom they are attributed, and in the historical periods claimed for them.Also, if translations were divinely inspired, as the Greek Septuagint, Latin Vulgate, and English Authorised Version have been claimed to be, then we might expect the same standards of them as of the original text.What would we expect of the Old Testament if it were, as claimed, the word of God?We might reasonably expect that there would be no doubt about what constituted the Old Testament.When early Christians addressed the problem of what to regard as canonical, there was a distinct lack of agreement.
Furthermore it was held that the text had been set down in chronological order.
Orthodox Christians held that the Greek translation called the ; and later still Protestants accorded it to their own translations.
Many fundamentalist Christians still believe that the Old Testament is the literal and infallible word of God, but over the last 200 years or so virtually all Christian scholars have abandoned such beliefs.
The first attempt at settling a definitive Jewish canon was reputedly made around AD 90 at the Council of Jamnia, where Jewish scholars discussed the validity of various books.
If such a council did ever meet, its decisions apparently failed to reach the Jews of the Diaspora, for they continued to accept as scripture works that other scholars had rejected, and indeed they continued to tamper with and supplement what they already had for many years to come.